Triglav National Park

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Contact info
Triglavski narodni park (TNP)
http://www.tnp.si/national_park/
triglavski-narodni-park@tnp.gov.si
Ljubljanska cesta 27, SI-4260 Bled
Phone386 (0) 4 578 0200
Fax386 (0) 4 578 0201
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RegionSI-4
Managed byTriglav National Park Public Institute
Bogomil Breznik, Acting Director
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Triglav National Park 2014 Julius Kugy.jpg

Triglav National Park (TNP) is Slovenia's only national park. It is named after Mount Triglav, the highest mountain in the heart of the park, which is also the highest summit in Slovenia (2864 metres). Triglav is also a national symbol which can be found in Slovenia's coat of arms and on its flag.

Triglav National Park extends along the Italian border and close to the Austrian border in the northwest of Slovenia, that is, in the southeastern section of the Alps. Its territory is nearly identical with that occupied by the Eastern Julian Alps. The park covers 83,807 ha, or 3 % of the territory of Slovenia. It is relished for its pristine nature with beautiful trekking paths into the high mountains, glacier lakes, cosy lodges and shelters and a lot of historic ethnographical and natural monuments. TNP was among the earliest European parks; the first protection by law dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded, but the first serious idea for protection came from seismologist and natural scientist Albin Belar already in 1908.

Contents

Administration

Triglav National Park is managed by the Triglav National Park Public Institute, based in Bled, which operates under the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning. The professional and common services of the TNP Authority permanently employ 24 people, while the Professional Ranger Service employs 20 people and another 7 people work at the Trenta Lodge TNP Information Centre and Museum.

Protecting and conserving the TNP's ecosystem

The principal task of the Triglav National Park Public Institute is the protection and conservation of the pristine nature of the park, but it also carries out specialist and research tasks.

TNP has a very diverse ecosystem from the lowest point of Tolminka River 180 metres above sea level with narrow gorges to hills with vast forests and meadows to high mountain rocky landscape with rare protected plants and wild life. From 2003 the Alps and TNP have been protected by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve as part of the Sevilla strategy.

Rich autochthonous cultural heritage

Triglav National Park Public Institute is also responsible for preserving the autochthonous cultural heritage as the basis for sustainable development.

The cultural heritage of the park is very diverse and picturesque, because the park lies at the meeting point of various climates as well as various cultures, each of which have left a mark on the cultural heritage of the area. The Alpine cultural heritage connects Slovenes with the family of Alpine nations. In the past, 4 major economy branches prevailed in the region: iron foundries, charcoal-burning, forestry and Alpine dairy-farming. These economies also shaped the customs of the people living there. Today agriculture with its pastoral economy, crafts (wood and wool products) and tourism are the major economical activities in the park, with some 2,400 inhabitants and 1.6 million visitors per year.

The register of immovable cultural heritage with the Ministry of Culture contains 300 units within the area of the Triglav National Park; secular architectural heritage prevails, followed by memorial heritage, settlement heritage, religious architectural heritage and archaeological heritage.

Museums in TNP

A number of museums are located within the borders of the Triglav National Park, including the Slovenian Alpine Museum in Mojstrana, Upper Sava Valley Museum, Jesenice, the Kobarid Museum, Oplen House, the Museum of Alpine Dairy Farming, Stara Fužina and the Tolmin Museum.

The park authority directly manages the following museum institutions Pocar Homestead, Mojstrana, Trenta Lodge TNP Information Centre and Museum and Triglavska Roža Information Centre. The latter is also the administrative centre of the Triglav National Park. A new information centre is scheduled to open in Stara Fužina near Bohinj Lake.

International collaboration

TNP is a member of the ALPARC, the international Alpine Network of Protected Areas. Within the European Union funding mechanisms (mostly Interreg programmes) TNP has been active in various regional projects such as Palpis (Cross-border cooperation and cross-border management plans for conservation important areas in the southern Julian Alps with the Italian National Park Prealpi Giuliae; 2000–2006), the Info centre of TNP at Bled (with National Park Hohe Tauern; 2005–2006), Alpencom (ALP ENvironmental COMmunication with the French Les Ecrins as a lead partner; 2005–2008) etc.

See also

External links

International projects

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