Prešeren Awards are the highest national awards in the field of arts, granted by the national Prešeren Foundation and bestowed since 1947. They are named after Slovenia's greatest poet France Prešeren (1800–1849) who lived the last of his years in Kranj. The initiative for the Prešeren Award Recipients art collection dates back to the year 2000. Today the collection venue is actually situated opposite the memorial Prešeren House.
The Prešeren Award has played a significant role in the representation of the national culture. The unique collection of some 140 artworks by 80 recipients of this prominent award in the last six decades therefore reveals also a permanent bond between culture and politics. The artworks have been donated by the artists, purchased by the Municipality of Kranj, or are on loan from the Gorenjska Museum.