Rajhenburg Castle

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Contact info
Grad Rajhenburg
http://www.gradrajhenburg.si/
info@gradrajhenburg.si
Cesta izgnancev 3, SI-8280 Brestanica
Phone386 (0) 7 620 4216
RegionSI-8
Managed byKrško Culture House
 National Museum of Contemporary History
Darja Planinc, Director of Krško Culture House
darja.planinc@kd-krsko.si
Phone386 (0) 7 488 0192
Helena Rožman, Coordinator, Municipal Museum of Krško
helena.rozman@mestnimuzejkrsko.si
Phone386 (0) 51475675
Žiga Kump, Cultural programmes coordinator
ziga.kump@kd-krsko.si
Online accounts:
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Rajhenburg Castle 2015.jpg

The Rajhenburg Castle dates back in the 9th century but the current construction derives from the 16th century. The castle that is called also Brestanica Castle is owned by the Municipality of Krško and was recently completely renovated with the support from the European Union's Cohesion Fund. Despite its rather sinister misuse during and after World War II it now features several museum collections, contemporary art exhibitions, a wedding hall, a museum shop, a restaurant and a café. It is managed by the Krško Culture House that runs a variety of cultural programmes.

As the Rajhenburg Castle was also a home to the only Trappist Monastery in the Slovenia, their rich legacy became an inspiration for the current exhibitions. The permanent exhibition on the Rajhenburg Trappists was prepared by the Brestanica Unit of the National Museum of Contemporary History already in the 1990s and was re-staged in 2013.

History

The original structure of the Rajhenburg Castle from the 9th century was demolished at the beginning of the 10th century, but Bishop Konrad of Salzburg had it renovated between 1131 and 1147. The most prominent owners of the castle were the Rajhenburgs, the noble Moscons, the Knights Gradeneck, the Barons Gall Galenstein and the Counts Attems.

Rajhenburg Castle 2012 courtyard.jpg

After 1884 Trappist monks moved into the castle, where they produced chocolate and liqueur. Then in April 1941 the Germans transformed the castle into the central camp for deporting Slovenes; during the course of World War II around 45,000 Slovenes were sent into exile from here. After World War II the castle continued to function as a women's prison.

In 1968 Rajhenburg Castle became the home of the Museum of Political Prisoners, Internees and Deportees, a branch of the National Museum of Contemporary History. This permanent exhibition closed down in 2011 and a new exhibition on the Trappist order opened in a completely renovated castle in 2013.

Architecture and interior decoration

The Romanesque perimeter, built in the 12th century, is noteworthy for the structure and construction of the walls. The castle chapel retains its original Romanesque portal, although the two-storey building itself was sturdily reconstructed in the 16th century.

Within the castle are several profiled timber work ceilings and terraced walls. A unique feature is the architectural decoration of the inner façades. On the first floor is an almost hidden secular Renaissance fresco by the Master from Marija Gradec (1530).

Rajhenburg Castle 2012 frescoes.jpg

See also

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