Psychology has been taught at the Faculty of Arts since 1919 when the first teacher, philosopher Franc Veber, was the first to give lectures. Karel Ozvald from the Department of Pedagogy was the second but they both had little or no influence on the establishment of the independent Department of Psychology.
On the initiative of Mihajlo Rostohar, a professor from Charles University in Prague, the department was constituted after the Second World War in 1950. The same year, on Rostohar's initiative the Institute of Psychology was established. His main field of study was general psychology, child psychology, social psychology, psychology of disability and history of psychology. Rostohar became the first Head of Department.
In the first decade, the department went through several changes. It also introduced new chairs: general psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, clinical psychology, industrial psychology, statistics and psychometrics. The department was reorganised, the two-subject programme was cancelled and only one-subject study programme was possible.
In the 1980s, the department started to organise the postgraduate programme and in cooperation with the Centro Studi Universitari Internacionali (CSUI) from Lugano, Switzerland, introduced the Master's programme.
In 2010 the Department of Psychology held seven chairs: general psychology, psychological methodology, developmental psychology, social psychology, clinical psychology, educational psychology and psychology of work. It currently offers 7 undergraduate courses taught in English. Besides full-time and part-time undergraduate study, students can obtain both Master's and doctoral degrees (with the latter acquiring the title Doctor of Psychological Science). Students can follow four PhD study tracks: experimental psychology, developmental studies in psychology, psychology of personality, applicative psychological studies. Students are active in the student association and publish their own student journal Panika [Panic].
The department is active in international cooperation. It has several partnerships with regional universities and also within the ERASMUS/SOCRATES student exchange network in Austria (Alpen-Adria Universitaet, Klagenfurt), Belgium (Lessius Hogeschool), France (Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne), Hungary (University of Pecs), Germany (Freie Universitaet Berlin), Netherlands (University of Maastricht), Norway (University of Bergen), Portugal (ISLA), Slovakia (Comenius University, Bratislava), Spain (University of Granada, University of Laguna, University of Salamanca, Autonomous University of Barcelona, University of Jaen), Switzerland (University of Basel).