Similar interventions date already back to the 1960s, when the Associazione Provinciale Artisti (Provincial Artists Association) and later the Group 2xGO organised cross border exhibitions and thus contributed to the dialogue and confrontation in the then-culturally and politically divided environment of Italy and Yugoslavia.
The first festival was organised by the Slovenian association KREA and the Italian association PROLOGO. After a year pause, the Arhipelag was in 2008 organised by the KUD Limb in collaboration with the Association of Arts Coronini (Šempeter pri Gorici), Cultural association and fusion point, Equilibri, Arterrate active in Gorizia and Nova Gorica.
The Arhipelag presents performances, visual artworks and concerts as well as animation, film and multimedia. It is not limited to any specific theme, it is open to all topics and encourages various forms of artistic expression. Its motto is: "Only the act of creating and the need to express artists ideas without compromise count."
The festival welcomes artists by a call for entries usually in the middle of the year, out of which the organiser selected more than 100 artists in 2006. In 2008, the number reduced to just 59 artists.
The third edition of the festival was inaugurated by [[Jurij Krpan], the director of Kapelica Gallery from Ljubljana. Artists from nine countries (Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Croatia, Serbia, Turkey, New Zealand, and Austria) exhibited their works including established Slovenian artists of the young generation as Anja Medved, BridA (Tom Kerševan, Sendi Mango, Jurij Pavlica), Damijan Karcina, Gorazd Krnc, Narvika Bovcon and Aleš Vaupotič, Sebastjan Leban and Staš Kleindienst and Katarina Toman. The festival was realised on six locations on both sides of the border: in France Bevk Public Library Nova Gorica, in Kromberk Castle and the castle park, in the SNT Nova Gorica, in Villa Bartolomei and in the Salcano Artatelier Bernot in Gorizia.