Forma Viva Open Air Sculpture Collection, Maribor
|Forma Viva Maribor|
|City Park, Tabor, Pobrežje, Center, SI-2000 Maribor|
|Phone||386 (0) 2 229 5860|
|Fax||386 (0) 2 252 7784|
|Managed by||Maribor Art Gallery|
|Breda Kolar Sluga, Director|
|Tatjana Frangež, Secretary|
|Phone||386 (0) 2 229 58 61|
The Maribor manifestation of Forma Viva was some time in coming. In 1967 it was finally realised as the local construction company Stavbar joined in, followed by two other businesses from the branch, Gradis and Konstruktor. All three played a substantial part in the project as not only that they've co-financed project but also lent their technological know-how required for individual pieces.
The Forma Viva Symposium in Maribor took place 6 times between 1967–1986, enriching the city with the works by 19 artists coming from Slovenia (7), Japan (4), Italy (2), Poland (1), Serbia (2), and the USA (3).
As compared to the Forma Vivas in Portorož and Kostanjevica na Krki, where most of the pieces are gathered is specially designated parks, the ones in Maribor and Ravne na Koroškem are spread over the wider urban region. Both of the cities were growing fast in 1960s and the installation of sculptures was meant to humanise their new, concrete-dominated urban spaces. It is worth noting that due to WWII air raids only a few public monuments in the city centre remained in Maribor and that the 19 pieces of Forma Viva as such represent very important landmarks.
Artists and sculptures
The first three participants in the Maribor International Symposium were, Lino Tiné (IT), and Kudo Takeshi (JP). They installed sculptures very different in expression and concept, thus indicating the variety of possibilities offered by concrete. Particularly fruitful in this regard was the engagement of Bradford Graves (US, 1970), whose organic forms visually elevated an otherwise unarticulated space. In the same year the Maribor sculptor enlivened the area in front of the Second Grammar School with a massive block featuring contrasting softly modelled details.
The optically varied layered ball of(1973) attractively dominates the municipal park with its harmoniously elaborated floor area. Also created in 1973 is a remarkable piece by , which unlike the others is fixed onto the façade of an apartment block.
Outside the town, on one bank of the Drava River, stands a minimalist sculpture of the Polish artist Maciej Szankowski (1977), whose design of a "door" effectively blends with the river landscape. An interesting sight is Maribor's RTV building, although no longer serving as a fountain.fountain (1977), situated in front of Hotel Slavija. It was later removed and today stands in front of
In 1983 a concrete spiral by Japanese artist Harunori Fujimote rose among the high blocks of flats, and in front of the new VEKŠ building a more intimate sculpture by Maribor Art Gallery, and Robert Adzema, who marked a "sunny" spot near the cemetery in Pobrežje with an original sundial.was erected. Three years later participants in the International Symposium included the American sculptors Will Nettleship, who created the "walk-over" floor sculpture beside the
Forma Viva in Maribor today
The collection is taken care by the Maribor Art Gallery, which sometimes organises guided tours around the pieces. They've also created a map, accessible via web, which one can follow in order to visit all the works (see below).
- Forma Viva Collection
- Maribor Art Gallery
- Forma Viva Open Air Steel Sculpture Collection, Ravne na Koroškem
- Forma Viva Open Air Stone Sculpture Collection, Portorož
- Forma Viva Open Air Wood Sculpture Collection, Kostanjevica na Krki
- Forma Viva Maribor on the Maribor Art Gallery webpage
- A research piece about the history and the contemporary state of Forma Viva Maribor
- A map of the Maribor Forma Viva artworks (in Slovenian)