Museum of the Posavje Region, Brežice

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Contact info
Posavski muzej Brežice
http://www.pmb.si
vodnik@pmb.si
Grad Brežice, Cesta prvih borcev 1, SI-8250 Brežice
Phone386 (0) 7 466 0517, 386 (0) 31 708 737
Fax386 (0) 7 466 0516
RegionSI-8
Founded byMunicipality of Brežice
Alenka Černelič Krošelj, Acting Director
alenka.cernelic.kroselj@pmb.si
Phone386 (0) 7 466 0502, 386 (0) 31 342 252
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The Museum of the Posavje Region in Brežice originated before World War II from the private collection of archaeology enthusiast Otto Aumann of Krško where it was stored in the Church of the Holy Spirit. In 1949 artist Franjo Stiplovšek, assisted by curator and archaeologist Dr. Rudolf Bratanič, moved the collection from Krško to the Brežice Castle, one of the most representative castles in Slovenia.

In 1951 the exhibition of National Liberation Struggle (NOB) was added to the previous archaeological collection and exhibited in Knight's Hall. At the time, after World War II, Brežice Castle was pretty neglected because in 1848 the Attems family abandoned it and since then it had been used as an Austro-Hungarian army post, social housing, offices. In 1917 an earthquake badly damaged some parts of the castle. Then World War II and the post-war period added to its miserable state. With the care for museum collection since 1949 also conservation and restoration works on the castle complex had to be carried out and space was eventually adapted to museum conditions. Now it is one of the biggest and picturesque museum spaces in Slovenia, with approx. 2000 square meters of exhibition space in 25 halls. With the collaboration of the National Museum of Slovenia museum experts organised and complemented the permanent exhibitions. Every summer Seviqc Brežice Festival international music festival is organised, Knight's Hall being the main location for these well-attended concerts of music composed between the Middle Ages and the beginning of the 20th century.

Museum grounds

Not only is the Museum of the Posavje Region remarkable for its collections, it is remarkable for its location in Brežice Castle. The castle was fortified as part of the military frontier against the invasion of the Turks (16th century) in the Renaissance style and has rich Baroque architectural elements and decorations. The Knight's Hall from the 18th century displays the largest fresco painted hall with a secular narrative in Slovenia. It is believed to be painted by Frančišek Karl Remb, courtly painter of the Attems family which were the wealthiest nobles in the 18th century and possessed almost all the major castles and palaces in Styria and Lower Savinjska Region (Podčetrtek, Štatenberg, Dornava pri Ptuju ...).

Collections

The Museum of the Posavje Region is divided into several exhibition sections:

  • the archaeological exhibition presents the cultural heritage of Posavje from the end of the Stone Age to the settlement of ancestors and the shaping of feudal society in the Early Middle Ages;
  • the ethnological exhibition presents the life and creative activities of the domestic population in the 19th and 20th centuries (agriculture, stock-breeding, furnishing homes, forging, wickerwork, honey pastry, pottery, spinning, weaving, and viticulture);
  • the medieval collection with arms, armours, and cannons from 16th and 17th century, when Brežice Castle was one of the important strongholds against the invasions of the Turks.
  • the Puntarji exhibition presents the Slovene peasants' revolt in 1515 and big Slovene - Croatian revolt in 1573 its leaders (Matija Gubec, Ilija Gregorič) reasons, plans, and consequences. At the same time the Reformation had big impact on Slovene language and national awareness, Reformation displays, include also a precious Dalmatin Bible (the first complete Bible translation from German into Slovenian, by Jurij Dalmatin) dating from 1584;
  • the musical instrument collection features a square piano made in Ulm around 1770;
  • the contemporary history collection presents the events of the late 19th to mid-20th centuries in Posavje, the bourgeoisie, and city lifestyle, with part of the exhibition named Meščan (City Dweller). An Exile Memorial Room is dedicated to the Slovene deportees during World War II;
  • the art history collection features Baroque paintings, sculptures, and arts and crafts products. The illusionistic frescoes of the castle interiors are definitely one of the best examples of what the rich Maecenas such as the Attems family could afford in the 18th century, painters working in Brežice Castle covered all major secular and church orders in the region of nowadays Slovenia, north Croatia, and Austrian Styria and those were: Franz Ignaz Flurer, Karl Franciscus Remb, Valentin Metzinger, and Franc Jelovšek. The permanent exhibition presents a Baroque winter sleigh that supposedly belonged to Austrian Empress Maria Theresa;
  • the Stiplovšek Memorial Room honours the memory of painter and graphic artist Franjo Stiplovšek (1898–1963), presenting a collection of his expressionist woodcuts from the 1920s, genre paintings, portraits, landscapes, and still-life paintings.

Temporary Exhibitions

The Museum of the Posavje Region also organises temporary exhibitions in collaboration with four other museums in the neighbouring regions, the Bela krajina Museum, Metlika, the Dolenjska Museum Novo mesto, the Božidar Jakac Gallery, Kostanjevica na Krki, and the Kočevje Regional Museum that are exchanged among the institutions. Recent exhibition from past years include Landscapes from the Museums Depos, Independence War for Slovenia. The museum encourages collaboration with other museum institutions or individuals and presents and promotes various museum topics and art exhibitions for instance of sculptor Jurij Stopar.

See also

External Links

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