In 1929 comparative literature became an independent study programme, with vibrant years of academic development following after the Second World War. This period saw the implementation of new study methods and prominent members of the department, among them literary theorist Dušan Pirjevec (1921–1977).
There are currently seven professors, three assistant and associate professors, and a number of experts from other departments and institutions teaching at the department. The well-stocked library provides students with (mainly) works of literary theory both classical and contemporary.
The department signed several agreements with European universities. It has been a member of the Erasmus student and academic staff exchange since 2003. It has bilateral cooperation agreements with universities in Austria (University of Vienna), the Czech Republic (University of Paradubice), Italy (University of Foggia and University of Naples), Poland (University of Bielsko-Bialej), and Spain (University of Zaragoza).