Loka Museum, Škofja Loka

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Contact info
Loški muzej Škofja Loka
http://www.loski-muzej.si
info@loski-muzej.si
Grajska pot 13, SI-4220 Škofja Loka
Phone386 (0) 4 517 0400
Fax386 (0) 4 517 0412
RegionSI-4
Founded byMunicipality of Škofja Loka
Saša Nabergoj, Director
sasa.nabergoj@loski-muzej.si
Marija Demšar, Public relations
marija.demsar@loski-muzej.si
Online accounts:
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Past Events
  • 23 October 2014
    A lecture on the legacy of Bauhaus and Avgust Černigoj and their role in contemporary practices by Barbara Sterle Vurnik (Loka Museum, Škofja Loka) at the international symposium Bauhaus in the Life and Work of Selman Selmanagić at Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Sarajevo in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    programme


Loka Castle 2012 01.jpg In 1939 the museum collection was presented to the public in the premises of the town hall in Mestni trg and the Škofja Loka Museum was thus founded. Its important part are the collections concerning the former Loka seigniory under the Freising Bishops' authority between 973 and 1803. At the headquarters in Loka Castle the archaeological, ethnological, art history, and other collections are on display, and two exhibition rooms offer temporary exhibitions.

An open-air museum, opened in 1962 in cooperation with the Museum Society Škofja Loka, is situated at a castle park. It consists of four vernacular buildings, including the wooden Škopar House from the 16th century, a mill and a lapidarium.

History

In 1936 an exhibition on crafts and industry took place in Škofja Loka and soon after the local Museum Society was founded. The society's goal was to collect as many works of art and antiques as possible in the town and its environs, and simultaneously to obtain suitable premises to exhibit these objects, which came true in Škofja Loka town hall in 1939, when establishing the Loka Museum.

In 1946, after World War II, the Loka Museum was allocated its own premises in Puštal Castle, in which the collections were exhibited. In 1959 the museum moved to its present location in Loka Castle. The collections were renovated several times with the major changes in 1999 and 2012 when the Ivan Grohar and Ivan Tavčar collections were set anew.

Loka Museum 2013 permanent exhibition Ivan Tavcar.jpg

Programme

The museum documents, collects, preserves, and protects natural and movable cultural heritage from the Škofja Loka region. It cooperates with other organisations and communities as well as with private owners of cultural collections in order to present the collections and to offer them expert help. It carries out a wide range of educational activities for all age groups, such as workshops, lectures, and guided tours through its exhibitions.

It manages three venues, France Mihelič Gallery, Ivan Grohar Gallery, Cankar Battalion Memorial Room in Dražgoše, and an open-air museum at castle park. In 2007 a permanent ethnological exhibition was settled in Dražgoše.


Collections

Major exhibitions include a collection of archaeological artefacts dating back to the Bronze Age; an important collection of medieval documents, which includes the donation deed of 973 from Emperor Oton II to Bishop Abraham which confirms that the Loka territory (the river basins of both Sora Rivers and the Sora Plain) belonged to the Bavarian Bishopric of Freising for no less than 830 years; the famous Škofja Loka Passion Play of 1721, Slovenia's oldest preserved drama text; two Renaissance inscription slabs from 1513, one of which, depicting the Škofja Loka coat-of-arms, bears witness to the reconstruction of the town after the earthquake; and a guilds collection which presents the heritage of the Loka guilds, the oldest being those of tailors, shoemakers, furriers, and potters (deeds, small chests, jugs, a signet ring, banners, and signboards).

Archaeological collection

The archaeological collection is presented to the public with three themes. The Settlement of the Loka Territory in the Archaeological Periods presents the items from the Stone Age to 973 AD; mediaeval town artefacts are presented with Upper Tower on Krancelj and the Town Square Komun and with Loka's Painted Bourgeois Ceramics.

Loka Museum 2006 permanent exhibition Candlestick.jpg

Art history collection

The art history collection comprises works of art dating from the 14th century onwards. The core of the presentation of medieval art in the ground-floor corridor consists of numerous copies of frescoes from the churches of Suha, Križna gora, and Crngrob; from the latter originates the famous Holy Sunday fresco, created by the workshop of Janez Ljubljanski during the mid-15th century, which depicts Christ suffering on the cross, surrounded by instruments of torture, and scenes from the everyday life of peasants, craftsmen, merchants, and nobles.

In the castle chapel, four gilded altars are presented, originating from the church of Dražgoše, which was burnt down in 1942. The altars illustrate the development of woodcarving in the region in the 17th century from a mannerist architectural design to richly-decorated High Baroque altars.

The works of painters, natives from Škofja Loka, form a special collection, exhibited in the first-floor corridor – mainly the work of the Šubic family of wood sculptors and painters from Poljane (Štefan, Janez Sr, Janez Jr, Valentin, Jurij, Rajko, Mirko, and Ive Šubic). Ivan Grohar, Ivan Franke, France Košir, Maksim Sedej, Gvidon Birolla, and Gojmir Anton Kos are also represented in the collection.

In 2012 the collection presenting opus and life of Ivan Grohar was set anew.

Ethnological collection

The ethnological collection of Loka Museum is one of the largest in Slovenia presenting the life of peasants and burghers in Škofja Loka before industrialisation. Exhibits comprise objects used in the past in agriculture and cattle breeding, in the preparation of food and in transportation. The open-hearth kitchen displays tools and accessories related to cooking and baking, as well as various old lamps.

Special attention is given to the trades that used to be crucial for the survival of Loka inhabitants: bobbin-work for lace, the sieve maker's trade, the hat trade, the linen trade, dyeing and printing linen, the making of artificial flowers, and the baking of decorated honey pastries ("mali kruhek"), a traditional speciality of Loka made of honey dough, shaped in models or by hand.

The historical development of the eight traditional trades is meticulously presented to visitors depicting all phases of work, product trade and social circumstances in which craftsmen worked.

The bobbin-lace making was introduced at Loka territory in the 2nd half of the 19th Century, linked to the older tradition of the Idria region. It spread over the Poljanska and Selška dolina valleys, with centers in Žiri and Železniki. At the beginning of the 20th Century three schools of bobbin-lace making were founded in the region by the Vienna Central Institute for Women Handwork: the first one was opened in Žiri (1906), then in Železniki (1907) and also at Trata near Gorenja vas (1909). The schools programme focused on the techniques and products which were interesting for the market.

Loka Museum 1998 permanent exhibition.jpg

Cultural history and recent history displays

Other important exhibitions include a cultural history display, which presents a survey of the development of education in the Loka region and a collection of burgher ceramics from the 16th and 17th centuries. The museum houses the facsimiles of the Škofja Loka Maniscript and the documentation of the Škofja Loka Passion Play performances in 1936 and 1999.

The native, politician, and writer Ivan Tavčar (1851–1923) and his legacy are displayed in a separate room, furnished with Kalan's furniture from Visoko, a setting place of Tavčar's novel Visoška kronika. The Tavčar collection was refurbished in 2012.

A recent history collection presents the Loka region in the 20th century. Activities during World War I, the strike actions between 1935 and 1936, the Dražgoše battle during World War II, and the national liberation movement are some of the topics presented.

Natural history collection

At the northern wing the biggest natural history collection in Gorenjska is placed, which exhibits the fauna of the Loka region, including fish, reptiles, birds, mammals, beetles, and butterflies.


See also

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