Loka Museum, Škofja Loka

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Contact info
Loški muzej Škofja Loka
http://www.loski-muzej.si
info@loski-muzej.si
Grajska pot 13, SI-4220 Škofja Loka
Phone386 (0) 4 517 0400
Fax386 (0) 4 517 0412
RegionSI-4
Founded byMunicipality of Škofja Loka
Saša Nabergoj, Director
sasa.nabergoj@loski-muzej.si
Marija Demšar, Public Relations
marija.demsar@loski-muzej.si
Online accounts:
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Past Events
  • 23 October 2014
    A lecture on the legacy of Bauhaus and Avgust Černigoj and their role in contemporary practices by Barbara Sterle Vurnik (Loka Museum, Škofja Loka) at the international symposium Bauhaus in the Life and Work of Selman Selmanagić at Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Sarajevo in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    programme


Loka Castle 2012 01.jpg In 1939 the museum collection was presented to the public in the premises of the town hall in Mestni trg and the Škofja Loka Museum was thus founded. Its important part are the collections concerning the former Loka seigniory under the Freising Bishops' authority between 973 and 1803. Since 1959 the museum resides in the picturesque Loka Castle where the historical, archaeological, ethnological, natural history, art, the Škofja Loka Passion Play and sports collections have been displayed. The permanent exhibitions pay tribute also to important personalities that transgress the local character: the impressionist painter Ivan Grohar (1867–1911), writer and politician Ivan Tavčar (1851–1923) and his wife Franja Tavčar, also an influential active social-minded worker, humanitarian and politician (1868–1938).

An open-air museum, opened in 1962 in cooperation with the Museum Society Škofja Loka, is situated at a castle park. It consists of four vernacular buildings, including the wooden Škopar House from the 16th century, a mill and a lapidarium.


History

In 1936 an exhibition on crafts and industry took place in Škofja Loka and soon after the local Museum Society was founded. The society's goal was to collect as many works of art and antiques as possible in the town and its environs, and simultaneously to obtain suitable premises to exhibit these objects, which came true in Škofja Loka town hall in 1939, when establishing the Loka Museum.

In 1946, after World War II, the Loka Museum was allocated its own premises in Puštal Castle, in which the collections were exhibited. In 1959 the museum moved to its present location in Loka Castle. The collections' displays have been renovated several times. Among the recent ones are the Ivan Tavčar and Ivan Grohar rooms. In 2017 the Škofja Loka Passion Play exhibition as well as the Sports in the Area of Škofja Loka collection were added, the latter as a result of a close collaboration with the local community.

Loka Museum 2013 permanent exhibition Ivan Tavcar.jpg

Programme

The museum focuses on the cultural heritage of the Škofja Loka region. It cooperates with other organisations and local communities as well as with private owners of cultural collections in order to present the collections and to offer them expert help. A special collection on beekeeping and a permanent exhibition Lazy bums, be more like the busy little bee foraging for food with glee, conceived in collaboration with the Škofja Loka Beekeepers' Association is one of such regional development projects. It is displayed at the Association's premises in Brode in the nearby Poljanska valley.

The institution carries out a wide range of educational activities for all age groups, such as workshops, lectures, and guided tours through its exhibitions. For this purpose a set of regular topical programmes was conceived that take place in the so called Museum's Living Room.

Apart from the venues at the Loka Castle that include the Chapel, the Castle Gallery and the Round Tower for temporary exhibitions, the public institution manages also France Mihelič Gallery, Ivan Grohar Gallery, Cankar Battalion Memorial Room in Dražgoše, and an open-air museum at castle park.

Collections

Major exhibitions include a collection of archaeological artefacts dating back to the Bronze Age; an important collection of medieval documents, which includes the donation deed of 973 from Emperor Oton II to Bishop Abraham which confirms that the Loka territory (the river basins of both Sora Rivers and the Sora Plain) belonged to the Bavarian Bishopric of Freising for no less than 830 years; two Renaissance inscription slabs from 1513, one of which, depicting the Škofja Loka coat-of-arms, bears witness to the reconstruction of the town after the earthquake; and a guilds collection which presents the heritage of the Loka guilds, the oldest being those of tailors, shoemakers, furriers, and potters (deeds, small chests, jugs, a signet ring, banners, and signboards).

Loka Museum 2006 permanent exhibition Candlestick.jpg

Art history collection

The art history collection comprises works of art dating from the 14th century to contemporary art of the younger generation of local artists. The core of the presentation of medieval art consists of numerous copies of frescoes from the churches of Suha, Križna gora, and Crngrob; from the latter originates the famous Holy Sunday fresco, created by the workshop of Janez Ljubljanski during the mid-15th century, which depicts Christ suffering on the cross, surrounded by instruments of torture, and scenes from the everyday life of peasants, craftsmen, merchants, and nobles.

In the castle chapel, four gilded altars are presented, originating from the church of Dražgoše, which was burnt down in 1942. The altars illustrate the development of woodcarving in the region in the 17th century from a mannerist architectural design to richly-decorated High Baroque altars.

The modern and contemporary art collection has been a vital part of the museum's scope and is unique in its consistency. This special collection includes the works of the Šubic family of wood sculptors and painters from Poljane (Štefan, Janez Sr, Janez Jr, Valentin, Jurij, Rajko, Mirko, and Ive Šubic). Ivan Franke, France Košir, Maksim Sedej, Gvidon Birolla, Gojmir Anton Kos, Franc Novinc, Herman Gvardjančič, Metod Frlic, Maja Šubic, Tina Dobrajc and many others are also represented in the collection.

A special attention is given to Ivan Grohar (1867–1911), the impressionist painter. In 2017 the exhibition presenting his early opus and life was set anew.

Ethnological collection

The ethnological collection of Loka Museum is one of the largest in Slovenia presenting the life of peasants and burghers in Škofja Loka before industrialisation. Exhibits comprise objects used in the past in agriculture and cattle breeding, in the preparation of food and in transportation. The open-hearth kitchen displays tools and accessories related to cooking and baking, as well as various old lamps.

Special attention is given to the trades that used to be crucial for the survival of Loka inhabitants: bobbin-work for lace, the sieve maker's trade, the hat trade, the linen trade, dyeing and printing linen, the making of artificial flowers, and the baking of decorated honey pastries ("mali kruhek"), a traditional speciality of Loka made of honey dough, shaped in models or by hand.

The historical development of the eight traditional trades is meticulously presented to visitors depicting all phases of work, product trade and social circumstances in which craftsmen worked.

The bobbin-lace making was introduced at Loka territory in the 2nd half of the 19th Century, linked to the older tradition of the Idria region. It spread over the Poljanska and Selška valleys, with centers in Žiri and Železniki. At the beginning of the 20th Century three schools of bobbin-lace making were founded in the region by the Vienna Central Institute for Women Handwork: the first one was opened in Žiri (1906), then in Železniki (1907) and also at Trata near Gorenja vas (1909). The schools programme focused on the techniques and products which were interesting for the market.

Loka Museum 1998 permanent exhibition.jpg

Cultural history and recent history displays

Other important exhibitions include a cultural history display, which presents a survey of the development of education in the Loka region and a collection of burgher ceramics from the 16th and 17th centuries. The museum houses the facsimiles of the Škofja Loka Manuscript and the documentation of the Škofja Loka Passion Play performances in 1936 and 1999.

A recent history collection presents the Loka region in the 20th century. Activities during World War I, the strike actions between 1935 and 1936, the Dražgoše battle during World War II, and the national liberation movement are some of the topics presented.

The recent permanent display presents the role of sports activities in the region. The history and development of the variety of sports disciplines are on view, ranging from basketball (introduced by the Ursulines at the very Loka Castle to skydiving. The exhibition ends with a wall of fame that includes internationally successful competitors such as skier Jože Kuralt, athlete Brigita Langerholc, footballer Jan Oblak. The exhibition was initiated and prepared in close and long-term collaboration with local enthusiasts.

Ivan Tavčar in the Loka Museum

The legacy of the native, politician and writer Ivan Tavčar (1851–1923) and his wife Franja Tavčar (1868–1938), also an influential active social-minded worker, humanitarian and politician is displayed in a separate room at the Loka Castle, furnished with Kalan's furniture from Visoko, a setting place of Tavčar's novel Visoška kronika. The Tavčar collection was refurbished in 2012.

In collaboration with the Ljubljana Regional Office at the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia and the Municipality of Gorenja vas - Poljane the Loka Museum prepared also permanent displays on the Tavčar couple at their former Visoko Mansion where their tomb is also located.

See also

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