Triglav National Park

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Triglavski narodni park (TNP)
Ljubljanska cesta 27, SI-4260 Bled
Phone386 (0) 4 578 0200
Bogomil Breznik, Acting Director

Triglav National Park 2014 Julius Kugy.jpgA statue of Julius Kugy with the orientation toward Jalovec Mountain. Julius Kugy (1858-1944) was a mountaineer and researcher of Julian Alps, Triglav National Park, 2014

Named after Mount Triglav, Triglav National Park (TNP) is Slovenia's only national park. Mount Triglav, the highest mountain in the heart of the park and also the highest summit in Slovenia (2864 metres), is also a national symbol which can be found in Slovenia's coat of arms and on its flag. Triglav National Park is managed by the Triglav National Park Public Institute, based in Bled, which operates under the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.

Triglav National Park extends along the Italian border and near to the Austrian border in the northwest of Slovenia, that is, in the southeastern section of the Alps. The park's territory is nearly identical with that occupied by the Eastern Julian Alps. The park covers 83,807 ha, or 4% of the territory of Slovenia. It is relished for its pristine nature with beautiful trekking paths into the high mountains, glacier lakes, cosy lodges and shelters and a lot of historic ethnographical and natural monuments. TNP was among the earliest European parks; the first protection by law dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded, but the first serious idea for protection came from seismologist and natural scientist Albin Belar already in 1908.

Protecting and conserving the TNP's ecosystem

The principal task of the Triglav National Park Public Institute is the protection and conservation of the pristine nature of the park, but the institute also carries out specialist and research tasks.

TNP has a very diverse ecosystem from the lowest point of Tolminka River 180 metres above sea level with its narrow gorges to hills with vast forests and meadows to high mountain rocky landscape with rare protected plants and wildlife. Since 2003, the Alps and TNP have been protected by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve as part of the Sevilla strategy.

Rich autochthonous cultural heritage

Triglav National Park Public Institute is also responsible for preserving the autochthonous cultural heritage as a basis for sustainable development.

The cultural heritage of the park is very diverse and picturesque because the park lies at the meeting point of various climates as well as various cultures, each of which has left a mark on the cultural heritage of the area. The Alpine cultural heritage connects Slovenians with the family of Alpine nations (France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany and Slovenia). In the past, 4 major economic branches prevailed in the region: iron foundries, charcoal-burning, forestry and Alpine dairy-farming. These economies also shaped the customs of the people living there. Today, agriculture with its pastoral economy, crafts (wood and wool products) and tourism are the major economic activities in the park, with some 2,400 inhabitants (2014) and nearly 2 million visitors per year (2015).

The register of immovable cultural heritage with the Ministry of Culture contains 300 units within the area of the Triglav National Park; secular architectural heritage prevails, followed by memorial heritage, settlement heritage, religious architectural heritage and archaeological heritage.

Museums in TNP

A number of museums are located within the borders of the Triglav National Park, including the Slovenian Alpine Museum in Mojstrana, Upper Sava Valley Museum, Jesenice, the Kobarid Museum, Oplen House, the Museum of Alpine Dairy Farming, Stara Fužina and the Tolmin Museum.

Slovenian Alpine Museum 2010 entrance Photo Miro Erzen.JPGThe entrance of the Slovenian Alpine Museum opened in August 2010

The park authority directly manages the following museum institutions Pocar Homestead, Mojstrana, Trenta Lodge TNP Information Centre and Museum and Triglavska Roža Information Centre. The latter is also the administrative centre of the Triglav National Park. A new information centre, co-funded by the EU Interreg programme, recently opened in Stara Fužina near Bohinj Lake. It also runs the Trenta Lodge TNP Information Centre and Museum.

International collaboration

TNP is a member of ALPARC, the international Alpine Network of Protected Areas. Within the European Union funding mechanisms (mostly Interreg programmes), TNP has been active in various regional projects such as Palpis (Cross-border cooperation and cross-border management plans for conservation important areas in the southern Julian Alps with the Italian National Park Prealpi Giuliae; 2000–2006), the Info centre of TNP at Bled (with National Park Hohe Tauern; 2005–2006), Alpencom (ALP ENvironmental COMmunication, with the French Les Ecrins as lead partner; 2005–2008), etc.

See also

External links

International projects